Artikler

An Investigation into Leadership Practices and organizational Performance in a Norwegian context (Article to be published in EDAMBA Journal 2006)
by Dag Aadne Sandbakken

In times of great uncertainty, change and fierce competition, how to lead in order to achieve better organisational performance becomes of prime interest for all leaders. The doctoral thesis investigates the relationship between leadership practices and organisational performance in a Norwegian context.

Based on a review of leadership literature, a transformational leadership approach as operationalized by Kouzes and Posner's (1997) "Leadership Practices Inventory" (LPI) was chosen as the leadership framework for the study. The "EXCEL" questionnaire, (Sharma, Netemeyer and Mahajan, 1990) operationalizing Peters and Waterman's (1982) Excellence construct, was found to best represent organisational performance across industries and sectors. A questionnaire-based evaluation of 348 Norwegian leaders and their organisations by a sample of "key informants" constituted the data-material for this research.
View the Full PDF Here


Leadership Practices and Organizational Performance —
a Norwegian Study (DBA Thesis, 2004)

by Dag Aadne Sandbakken

Abstract
Leadership practices, and the relationship between these practices and organizational performance, were examined in a Norwegian context. The hypotheses were tested in a survey of N=347 MBA and Master of Management alumni evaluating their leaders and respective organizations. Results confirmed an overall positive relationship between transformational leadership practices and organizational performance. Rather than five LPI leadership practices as proposed by Kouzez and Posner, the study found three distinct leadership practices better fit a Norwegian context. Each leadership practice was found to have a different relative influence on organizational performance. Practical implications of findings for leaders and organizations are discussed, and areas for further research are suggested.
View the Full PDF Here


Organizational Excellence in a Norwegian Context — an investigation into the factor structure of Sharma et al.'s Excel questionnaire (Henley Working Paper, 2004)
by Dag Aadne Sandbakken

As part of a doctoral study investigating the relationship between leadership practices and organisational performance, 348 Norwegian leaders evaluated the performance of their organisations using the Excel questionnaire (Sharma, Netemeyer & Mahajan, 1990). Previous research suggests a strong positive relationship between organisational excellence and organisational performance. The Excel questionnaire was developed to measure the eight attributes of organisational excellence defined by Peters & Waterman (1982). Rather than forming eight characteristics, a factor analysis found a three factor Excel construct in a Norwegian context. However, an imposed four-factor structure could conceptually prove more valuable for practitioners.

View the Full PDF Here


The Factor Structure of the Kouzes and Posner Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) Revisited in a Norwegian Context (Henley Working Paper, 2004)
by Dag Aande Sandbakken

The construct validity, reliability and factor structure of the Leadership Practices Inventory (Kouzes and Posner, 1995, 2002) was revisited in a Norwegian context. As part of a doctoral study, 348 Norwegian leaders were evaluated by their subordinates. The results did not confirm the five-factor structure claimed by Kouzes and Posner, neither an overarching higher order transformational construct as suggested by Carless (2001). Rather, the study suggests that transformational leadership practices in Norway, and possibly elsewhere, best could be interpreted using a three-factor model.

View the Full PDF Here


Lederadfer og organisasjoners yteevne - en norsk studie.
by Dag Aande Sandbakken

View the Full PDF Here